Behaviour interventions seek to improve achievement by reducing challenging behaviour, including aggression, violence, bullying, substance abuse and general anti-social activities. Three broad categories of behaviour interventions can be identified:
- school-level approaches to developing a positive school ethos or improving discipline which also aim to support greater engagement in learning;
- universal programs which seek to improve behaviour and generally take place in the classroom; and
- more specialised programs which are targeted at students with either behavioural issues or behaviour and academic problems.
Search terms: anti-social interventions; social skills interventions; anti-bullying interventions; juvenile delinquency; behaviour intervention
There are eight meta-analyses suggesting that behaviour interventions can produce improvements in academic performance along with a decrease in problematic behaviours. Five have been published in the last ten years. At least three of these explore methodological and program features associated with impact. However, overall the effects vary widely across programs and the included studies are often small scale. The majority of studies report higher impact with older students. School-level behaviour approaches are often associated with improvements in achievement, but the evidence of a consistent causal link to learning from general programs is lacking. Overall, the evidence is rated as extensive.